CLIMATE CONDITIONS OF ANDHRA PRADESH
Andhra Pradesh is situated in tropical zone from the point of view of its latitudinal location. The climate of our state depends on monsoons. So, the climate of Andhra Pradesh is called Tropical Monsoon type of climate. In Andhra Pradesh, an year can be divided into four (4) seasons. They are
- Winter Season - January to February
- Summer Season - March to Mid June
- Rainy Season - Mid June to September and (South-west monsoon)
- North-east monsoon season (October to December)
Weather becomes cold from December and continues to be cold till the end of February. The districts of Anantapur, Chittoor, Hyderabad and Nizamabad are cooler than other districts. It is relatively cooler in plateau regions of Rayalaseema and Telangana, when compared to the coastal region. Snow fall occurs during nights.
Summer season generally extends from March to the first week of June. Temperature gradually increases from March and the highest temperature is recorded all over the state in the third week of May. The average temperature in summer is 27.1 degrees centigrade. Highest average temperature of 34.5 degrees centigrade is recorded in Ramagundam. Heat waves blow all over the state in the second and third weeks of May. But Chittoor and Anantapur districts which are adjacent to Mysore plateau are cooler than other regions. Horsely Hills in Chittoor district act as summer resorts. The weather at Hyderabad in summer is cooler as it is situated at a higher elevation. A difference in climate is found between coastal and plateau regions. Though it is extremely hot during day time in Rayalaseema and Telangana, it pleasantly cools down during nights. Coastal areas experience moderate temperatures due to the nearness of the sea.
Rainy Season (South-west Monsoon)
In Andhra Pradesh rainy season commences with the arrival of South-west monsoons in the second week of June and they spread allover the state by the end of June. About 800 mm of rainfall in Northern region and 400 mm in Southern region of Andhra Pradesh occur during South-west monsoon region. When compared to other regions, Telangana receives the highest amount of rainfall.
North-east Monsoon Season
South-west monsoon will start retreating in the month of October and at the same time North-east monsoon sets in North-east monsoon also gives rainfall. Southern parts of Andhra Pradesh receive more rainfall than Northern parts. Depressions are formed over the Bay of Bengal during this season and South coastal districts receive more rain. Generally South coastal districts incur heavy losses whenever these cyclones lash the coast.