GUPTA AGE [300 - 550 A.D]Two capitals
- Epigraphy [inscriptions]
- Numismatics [coins]
Coronation of Chandra Gupta-I
Devi Chandra Guptam [Drama]
Story of Chandra Gupta-II & Queen: Dhruva Devi
Swapna Vasavadatta [Drama]
The dream of Vasavadatta
Story of Brahman Charadatta who loves Vasantasena
Somadeva [kashmiry scholar 11th century A.D]
Spread of Indian culture towards South-East Asia
- Angkorat in kambolia, Vishnu temple [Biggest temple in world] built by Surya Varma in 12th century.
- Kesaria Stupa is one foot taller than the Borobodur Stupa in Java (Indonesia).
- Chinese Buddhist pilgrim came to India in Chandra Gupta-II period
- Book: Fu-kuo-ki
- Content: Common man life and untouchability
- Puranas: After Guptans, no dynasty was discussed in Puranas.
- 42 Inscriptions
- Allahabad - Prashasti
- List of kingdoms he conquered
- Gaya copper plate inscription - Land charter
- A village was donated to Buddhist Vihara at Gaya.
- Vihara was built by Mahamega varma [Srilanka king]
- Mehrauli iron pillar inscription - Prashasti
- Bhitari - Prashasti
- Information about invasions of Huns
- Repeated invasions of Huns leads to ends of Guptan period.
- Two leaders of Huns
- Toramana - Jainism
- Mihirakula - Shaivism
- Eran [Madhya Pradesh] - 510 A.D
- The first epigrophical evidence of Sati
- Coins of Guptans
- Gold coins
- Coins of Chandra Gupta-I
- Patriots of King and Queen [Kumara devi]
- Coins of Samudra Gupta
- Playing with veena
- Title: Kavi Raja
- Performing rituals
- Title: Aswa Medha Parakrama
- Coins of Chandra Gupta-II
- Hunting lion
- Title: Simha Chandra
- 1st King of Guptans who issued Silver coins - Rupaya
- Coins of Kumara Gupta
- Performing Aswa Medha Yaga
- Title: Aswa Medha Mahendra
- 1st King - Sri Gupta
- 2nd King - Ghatotkacha
- Title: Maha Raja
- This title indicates the political status of these two kings. i.e., Not Independent. They were samantas to Kushans
- Chandra Gupta-I [1st Independent king of his dynasty]
- Title: Maha Rajadi Raja
- Samudra Gupta
- Allahabad inscription was issued by Harisena, who was sandivigrahaka [Minister of external affairs] of Samudra Gupta.
- According to this inscription, the king conquered 100 kingdoms
- 8 Aryavarta kingdoms
- Land between Himalayas & Vindhya
- 5 Pratyanta kingdoms
- Border states
- 9 Gana Rajyas [Republican states]
- 18 Atavika Rajyas [Jabalpur region]
- 12 Dakshina pada [South States]
- V.A. Smith, a British historian describes Samudra gupta as "Indian Napoleon"
- Chandra Gupta-II
- He captured Ujjain and took two title
- Sakari [destroyer of shakas]
- Ujjain become cultural capital of Guptans
- 9 great scholars in his court "Navaratnas"
- Kalidasa probably lived in 5th century of the Christian Era.
- Three dramas -Natakatraya
- Abhigyana Shakuntalam
- Malavikagna Mitram
- Vikrama Urvasi
- Raghu Vamsham
- Kumara Sambavam
- Rutu Samhara
- Dictionary: Amarakosha
- Book: Prakruta Prakasa
- Book on Surgery: Susruta Samhita
- Medical dictionary: Nighantu
- Surya Siddanta [On Astronomy]
- Arya Bhattiam [On Maths]
- " 0 " (Zero) was invented by unknown Indian and it was used by Arya Bhatta in his book.
- Brihat Samhita - Sarvagna [deals with every science]. i.e., Encyclopedia
- Pancha siddantika [Astronomy]
- Khandana Khanda Khavya
- He was known as Indian Newton
- Decimal system (Hindsa) was invented by Arabs
- Wilmut cloning master
- First king who faced problems due to Huns.
- Nalanda University belongs to Mahayana Buddhism.
- According to Huen Tsang, the strength of this university is 8500 students, 1500 teachers from different places of world.
- 200 villages under this university for maintenance purpose.
- Archaeologists said the capacity of this university is 2000. They excavated entire university.
- Skanda Gupta
- Vishnu Gupta [Last king]
- Not a religion, it is a way of life.
- Vedic rituals without animal sacrifice + Bhakti
- Rudra + Shiva
- Vishnu + Krishna + Buddha
- Conflicts between worshipers - Two important sects
- Buddhist - Brahmanical
- Architecture : 2 types
- Cave temples
- Structural temples
- Cave temples
- Large no. of Buddhist caves
- Ajantha [Maharastra]
- 31 Buddhist caves today
- Some of them were built by Guptans
- Bagh [MP]
- 9 Buddhist cave temples
- Hindu caves
- First Hindu caves in India built by Guptans in Udayagiri [MP]
- Structural temples
- Ikshvaku Dynasty, built first Hindu structural temples in Nagarjuna Konda [3rd Century]
- In 4th Century, Guptans built these temples in North India.
- Temples List
- Kankalidevi Temple [Jabalpur]
- Vishnu & Varaha Temple [Eran]
- Shiva Temple [Bhumara]
- Parvati Maha Deva Temple [Nachnakutara]
- Dashavatar Temple [Deogarh]
- Ruined Temple [Bhitargaon]
- Shikara / Nagara - style invented by Guptans [4th Century - 21st Century] in North India.
- Dravida - style invented by Pallavas in South [7th Century - 21st Century]
- In Deccan, Vesara style invented by Badami chalukyans 7th Century [composite style of Architecture]
- A Copper Buddha - Sultanganj
- Now, this is in Queen's palace [Buckingham Palace]
- Stone sculpture of varaha at Udayagiri
- Ajanta & Bagh [Not surviving]
- 31 Caves
- Mural/Fresco painting on walls
- Stories of Buddha, Bodhisattvas painted on walls of caves called Jatakas